A bit of Geography of The Netherlands


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Let's put it on the map :-)

Location: The Netherlands is situated in Western Europe, bordering the North Sea, between Belgium and Germany

Have a look at this map of Europe and look for  The Netherlands "NETH"... It is so small, that there's not even enough space to write the whole name *lol*.


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The Netherlands has 12 provinces: 

(If you click on the name of each province in the table below, you will find the link to the sound file for the pronunciation)

Vocabulary: (Provinces: provincies, singular - provincie); 


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Take a look at the

Province Map of The Netherlands (click link)


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The Netherlands

Flag description  three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and blue; similar to the flag of Luxembourg, which uses a lighter blue and is longer


Capital: Amsterdam




Capital: Assen

Capital: Lelystad




Capital: Leeuwarden


Capital: Arnhem


Capital: Groningen 
(the city)


Capital: Maastricht


Capital: Den Bosch


Capital: Haarlem


Capital: Zwolle



Capital: Utrecht
(Utrecht city)


Capital: Middelburg



Capital: The Hague



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Some more facts and specifics:

Geographic coordinates  52 30 N, 5 45 E

Map references  Europe

In The Netherlands we calculate our distance in Kilometers; in short: km. One kilometer equals  1,6 miles. So if you divide the kilometers by 1,6 you have the miles. I always use the 1,5 for a rough estimate. And, the other way around: If you multiply the miles by 1,6 you find the distance in kilometers. 

41,532 sq km 
land: 33,889 sq km
water: 7,643 sq km

Area - comparative  slightly less than twice the size of New Jersey

Land boundaries  
1,027 km
border countries:  Belgium 450 km, Germany 577 km

Coastline:  451 km

Climate  temperate; marine; cool summers and mild winters

Terrain  mostly coastal lowland and reclaimed land (polders); some hills in southeast

Elevation extremes  
lowest point:
Prins Alexanderpolder -7 m (below sea level) situated near Rotterdam
highest point: Vaalserberg 321 m; situated in the South of Holland, Limburg. 

Natural resources  natural gas, petroleum, arable land

Land use  arable land: 25%
permanent crops: 3%
permanent pastures: 25%
forests and woodland: 8%
other: 39% (1996 est.)

Natural hazards  the extensive system of dikes and dams protects nearly one-half of the total area from being flooded

Environment - current issues  water pollution in the form of heavy metals, organic compounds, and nutrients such as nitrates and phosphates; air pollution from vehicles and refining activities; acid rain
Air pollution by cars, industries etc. 

Geography - note  located at mouths of three major European rivers (Rhine, Maas or Meuse, and Schelde)

Since 2002 the Netherlands use the Euro, like many other European countries.

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Provinces: provincies, singular - provincie
The 12 names of each Dutch province
(see above & sound files)
Kilometers: Kilometers


Homework assignments 


Web resources: